The capital of Portugal captivates its guests with its rich history and extremely beautiful architecture. In Lisbon, a new discovery is waiting for you around every corner. This port city has preserved buildings from the period of Antiquity and the middle Ages, often there are masterpieces of architecture in the Rococo and Baroque styles.
General information about Lisbon
The port of Lisbon (Lisboa or Lisbon) is the main port in Portugal and the third largest European cruise port. It is located in the South-West of the Iberian Peninsula. Coordinates: 38°43'N 009°08'W. In 2018, passenger traffic amounted to 578 thousand people.
Lisbon is built on the coast of the Tagus River, in the picturesque Bay of Mar da Paglia. The city is only 15 km from the Atlantic Ocean. In 2017, the population was 505.5 thousand people. The official languages are Portuguese and Mirandese. Currency-Euro and Portuguese Euro coins.
The port has three cruise terminals: Santa Apolonia (Jardim do Tabaco pier), Alcantara and Rocha Conde de Obidos. The first is located in the heart of the city, closest to the sights, most of the liners arrive here.
Tourist buses stop at each of the terminals. If you want to explore the city from Santa Apolonia, it is convenient to use the metro, take the 15 tram or 728 bus. From the last two terminals, you can walk to Commerce square and start a city tour.
The History of Lisbon
Lisbon is one of the oldest cities in Western Europe. The territory of the city was inhabited during the Neolithic period. Excavations indicate that a commercial port existed in this area even under the Phoenicians, who called this place "blessed Bay" for its convenient location.
Later this territory was captured by the ancient Romans and was part of the province of Luisitania, the city was an important trading center. Lisbon has experienced many wars of conquest and has changed hands many times.
The date of the city's Foundation is 1179. From Lisbon in the XV-XVII centuries began famous expeditions to explore new territories. It was from here that Vasco da Gama went to the shores of India in the XV century.
The city has experienced many earthquakes, the largest occurred in 1755. It shocked the whole of Europe, Voltaire even dedicated a poem to this event. During the Second World War, the city remained neutral, through which about 100 thousand refugees were able to sail to the United States. In the twentieth century, three revolutions took place in Lisbon. It was an age of new ideas and dynamic development of the city.
How to get
Airport Lisbon is located next to the Aeroporto metro station. The city center is approximately 25 minutes ' drive away. There are other options: city buses, shuttles, and taxis.
Santa Apolonia cruise terminal is a 40-minute metro ride from the airport. To do this, transfer to Sao Sebastiao station and get off at Santa Apolónia. If you need the Alcantara terminal, get off at Terreiro Paço, and if you are taking the 728 bus, get off at the Alcantara-Mar stop.
From Madrid and Paris, you can reach the Portuguese capital by train. They arrive at the Oriente station. You can also take a bus or metro to any point in the city.
In all terminals there are all the necessary infrastructure and health care services. Since the cruise terminals are located near the city center, you can find various shops, cafes, and restaurants nearby. All stores, except grocery stores, are closed for Siesta from 13 to 15 hours.
There are no beaches within the city limits. Some beaches are about an hour's drive away. The nearest of them is stony Caxias. Oeiras beach is slightly better, the descent into the water is gentle, the coast has everything you need for a beach holiday, entrance is free. The best beaches Lisbon are located a little further away, in the area of the Lisbon Riviera.
The city's transport system is well developed, and tickets and cards are sold at train stations, metro stations, and platforms. You can save a lot of money by using a Lisboa card or a 24-hour unlimited travel ticket.
The metro has 56 stations and 4 lines, working hours: from 6: 30 to one o'clock in the morning. It is convenient to get to the sights by bus or tram. The yellow wooden tram is often found in photos of the city, it is one of its symbols. The most interesting routes for tourists are routes 15 and 28.
The capital of Portugal is located on the hills. There are several funiculars, the most popular is Gloria.Ferry Lisbon will take you to Madeira, in Montagu, Casillas etc.
Ships of 16 companies enter the port of Lisbon, among them: Carnival Cruise Line, Celebrity Cruises, Costa, AIDA, Princess Cruises, Royal Caribbean, Regent Seven Seas Cruises. From Lisbon, you can go on cruises in Western Europe, the Canary Islands, the Mediterranean Sea, as well as make transatlantic crossings liners companies: Azamara, MSC Crociere, Oceania Cruises, Norwegian Cruise Line, Celebrity Cruises, Pullmantur Cruises, Seabourn Cruise Line, Silversea Cruises.
Hotels and restaurants
There are many hotels, apartments and hostels in the vicinity of the cruise terminal. Several apartment options with excellent reviews:
- Porta do Mar/Deluxe Serviced Apartments (Address: Rua dos Bacalhoeiros 123, Santa Maria Maior)
- Dream Chiado Apartments (Address: Rua Nova do Almada 64, 2Dto, Santa Maria Maior)
- Santos Typical and Cosy Apartments (Address: Travessa das Inglesinhas nº 5, Estrela)
- TravelingToLisbon 318-Santos (Address: 34 Rua São João da Mata, Estrela)
- Time In (n) Apartment (Address: Rua de São Paulo 172 - 5C, Misericordi)
4-star hotel options:
- Portugal Boutique Hotel (Address: Rua João das Regras, 4, Santa Maria Maior)
- Lisboa Pessoa Hotel (Address: Rua da Oliveira ao Carmo, 8, Santa Maria Maior)
- Lisbon Wine Hotel (Address: Rua Portas de Santo Antão 88, Arroios)
Near the cruise terminal there are many places where you can have a delicious lunch, here are a few options:
- Agulha No Palheiro (Address: Rua do Jardim do Tabaco 5) - Portuguese and Mediterranean restaurant
- Manjerico Alegre Restaurante & Wine Shop (Address: Rua do Terreiro do Trigo 94)
- Pastelaria Guadalupe (Address: Rua do Terreiro do Trigo 24) - cafe of Portuguese and European cuisine
- Pizzeria Romana Bio (Address: Rua Sao Joao da Praca 75) - pizzeria
Excursions and shopping
The capital of Portugal offers a huge selection of excursions Lisbon, the most interesting of them:
- various options for sightseeing tours in Lisbon (bus, walking, boat trip on the river)
- excursion to the Royal palaces and the village Azenhas do Mar
- temples and monasteries of the Museum city of Evora
- trip to the city of Porto
- medieval monasteries and fortresses of the cities of Batalha, Obidos, Tomar, Alcobaça
- a trip to the city of Sintra, where famous people and the Queen of great Britain like to relax
- city of granite Monsanto
- visit the country's Catholic shrines and karst caves in one trip
- a trip to the oldest cities of the country – Guimaraes and Braga
The curious tourist will be amazed by the wide range of things what to see in Lisbon Portugal and around it. The city has both Christian and Muslim shrines, houses and streets are decorated with wonderful ceramics. There are many viewing platforms in Lisbon, but the most wonderful panorama is at the foot of the statue of Christ. This is a copy of the statue in Rio de Janeiro. It is set on the South Bank, next to an amazing bridge that resembles the bridge in San Francisco. The statues were designed by an architect. A wonderful view can be enjoyed from the hill where rises the fine tower of the Torre de Belém with openwork balconies.
The majestic Cathedral of the XII century resembles a fortress, it managed to survive many earthquakes. One of the most important defensive structures was once the castle-fortress of St. George (XVI century).
Lisbon impresses with the splendor of palaces of different eras and styles, many of them are open to the public. In the city it will be interesting to see the Palace of Ajuda, San Bento, Fronteira. In the vicinity of Lisbon, there are two more charming palaces-the Queluz Palace and the Baroque Mafra Palace.
Museum lovers will be interested in the Maritime Museum, the Museum of ancient art, the Archaeological Museum, the Museum of art and technology, and others. In the suburb of Belem is the monastery of Jeronimos, built in honor of the return of Vasco da Gama. It impresses with a combination of Gothic and Arabic script.
Bullfights are held in the city, but the animals are not killed, but subdued. Families with children will be interested in visiting the zoo, Oceanarium, and marionette Museum.
Shopping and Souvenirs
Lisbon is a great place to shop. There are many boutiques and a large market in the Chiado area. In the Alfama area, a flea market is held on Tuesdays and Saturdays, where you can buy unusual, collectible items. There are many souvenir shops in the city center, especially in the Baisha district. Lisbon is home to one of the largest shopping centers in Europe – Centro Colombo. The suburb has a major outlet – the Freeport Outlet Center.
As a souvenir, you can buy a bottle of Portuguese wine (especially green), port or liqueur ginja. Excellent quality stands out leather products, shoes and jewelry made in Portugal. Popular Souvenirs include ceramic and porcelain tableware, handmade lace, Cockerel figurines, cork products, soap and cream.
The climate in Lisbon is characterized by sharp temperature changes during the day. The heat of the day is suddenly replaced by the coolness of the evening. From April to October, the city is warm and Sunny. In the summer months, the average temperature is 25-30°C. The water temperature in summer is kept at 20°C.
In winter, the temperature reaches 10-14C°C, often it rains. From January to March, the night temperature can drop to 0°C – which is the coldest period of the year.
A visit to Lisbon will enrich you with pleasant impressions, and will not just make you freeze in amazement at the wonderful monuments of architecture. The city will remember the comfort and charm of the old streets, as well as an incredible combination of Christian, Muslim, European and Arab buildings from different times.